tv CBS News Sunday Morning CBS December 30, 2012 6:00am-7:30am PST
>> we drill straight down vertically into the shell. once we hit into the shell, then we go horizontally. >> reporter: two miles under our feet there are billions of tons of shale rock loaded with natural gas. and now we have the technology to get it out. but critics argue that it's energy with a very steep price. >> i don't believe that fracking will ever be safe. >> reporter: later on sunday morning, the promise and the perils of fracking. >> osgood: jamie foxx has to be one of the most talented people in american show business. you name it. he does it. byron pitts will get him to show you. >> jamie foxx has made it all the way from the little town of texas to the pinnacle of hollywood. ♪ she knows how to... >> my book will be called "i still pinch myself." >> reporter: he's funny. he can sing. he's an oscar winner. you'll see him later.
♪ ahead on sunday morning >> osgood: as the year 2012 comes to a close this morning, we continue our holiday tradition here at sunday morning. we take time out to remember some of the remarkable people who have left us in the year just pending. >> 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,. ♪ take a load off... >> osgood: they made our hearts sing. they made our spirits soar. >> that's one small step for man. >> osgood: some saved lives, some gave their lives. and all touched our lives in ways great and small. we remember those who left us in 2012. on these cold winter days, what could be nicer than a trip down mexico way. in mo rocca's case make that way down.
>> reporter: the beaches of cancun, mexico, are known for girls and guys going wild. it's art in the wild. >> i have a whole little team of helpers underwater that do the finishing work. >> reporter: ahead on sunday morning, art that lives underwater. >> osgood: the fast draw asks why we dress boys in blue and girls in pink. we'll travel to scottland to order up some world class scotch whiskey. we'll be remembering the good and the bad of the year 2012. and more. but first here are the headlines for december 30, the last sunday morning of 2012. senate negotiators in washington are working through the weekend to try to come up with an agreement on proposed budget cuts and tax increases. any deal they reach must then be voted on by the full house. the deadline is midnight tomorrow. the 23-year-old woman who died
after a vicious gang rape on a bus in new dehli was cremated today in a private ceremony. hours after her death yesterday another young woman was reportedly molested on a bus there. angry demonstrations throughout india have been demanding better protection for women. prosecutors say the woman they've charged with pushing a man to his death in front of a new york city subway train on thursday told them she did so because she hates hindus and muslims. her victim was an immigrant from india. doctors in houston report former president george h.w. bush's condition is improving and that he is no longer in intensive care. mr. bush has been hospitalized since last month with a bronchitis-related cough. this week marks the 150th anniversary of the emancipation proclamation, the document deciding that all slaves were to be forever free. to mark the occasion the document signed by president abraham lincoln goes on display in the national archives in
washington. now the weather. the chance of rain in the northeast but it will be sunny in the central plains and the southwest. scattered showers in the pacific northwest. the first few days of 2013 will see colder temperatures across most of the country. >> nothing bad. osgood: ahead, meet jamie foxx. >> i had a neighborhood. everybody was going to chump. it was cool. if somebody pulled a gun, they
>> osgood: natural gas is cheap and plentiful and could supply us with energy for decades to come. but to get at all that natural gas, you have to delve far beneath the surface of the earth. that is where fracking comes in. david pogue of the "new york times" reports our sunday morning cover story. >> reporter: what if i told you that we have a new source of fuel. it's cheap. it burns cleaner than coal. it's found right here in ameri america, and there's enough of it for the next 100 years. the fuel is natural gas. and the new source is gigantic deposits of shale rock thousands of feet underground. this one is called the marcellus shale. it covers 95,000 square miles across four states. so this is the famous shale.
>> there is gas in that. reporter: locked in there? correct. reporter: how come i can't see it or smell it. >> if you were to crack a piece of this off, you would smell a piece of gas. >> reporter: george stark represents cabot oil and gas, the second largest gas producer in the marcellus. we toured a new shale gas well. >> typically we're pulling in an average day almost three quarters of a billion cubic feet of natural gas a day. >> reporter: where is it going? it's going to heat homes. it's going to fuel our vehicles. it's going to create electricity. >> reporter: and how do you get gas from shale? with a high-tech operation called fracking. >> okay. suppose i'm america. i have an insatiable craving for gas and oil. excuse me, guys. so in fracking, we drill way way deep past the water table as far as two miles. here's the technologically amazing part. we make a right turn and we drill horizontally through that
shale so we can slump up all that delicious gas and oil. i'll let rob jackson describe the next step. he's a professor of environment studies at duke university. >> that step is to inject millions of gallons of water and chemicals at very high pressures. >> reporter: natural gas is trapped in billions of tiny pours. we fracture the rock to release it. hence, the word fracking. now actually we've been fracking rocks for oil for over 60 years. but in the last decade, we've totally transformed the process by adding in that horizontal business, all those chemicals, and the incredible pressure of the water. building a fracking well means a few months of noisy trucks and dust. after that, the finished well quietly pumps out gas for 30 to 50 years. >> they give you a, you know, a certain amount of money. just sign with them for a certain period of time. >> reporter: fracking can turn struggling farmers into millionaires.
bob and tina mcshane signed away the rights to the shale under farm, but the money isn't flowing yet. they live in new york state which so far hasn't permitted fracking. >> hi, girls. we support 40 some beef cows here. money isn't everything. if we don't have quality water here we don't have anything. >> reporter: stories of contaminated water from fracking are giving them second thoughts. >> you've got spills. you've got water aquifers, pollution. >> reporter: ramsey adams runs the environmental group catskill mountain keeper. >> fracking is a very industrial process that uses chemicals that are toxic, carcinogen i can and disrupting. >> reporter: as it turns out fracking is just a tiny bit controversial. >> the town is going to put it to a vote in three weeks. >> reporter: in matt damon's new movie promised land the fracking company is the bad guy. >> i'm not the guy with all the answers. >> well then you'd be the perfect guy for them to send here to deny everything.
>> reporter: as you guessed the gas industry says that the dangers are overblown, that the chemicals aren't so bad. >> bottom line, 99% of it is water and sand. we add an anti-corroding agent. the last thing we're adding is what we refer to as surfactin but it's really hand soap. >> reporter: actually according to the e.p.a., the chemicals are slightly scarier than hand soap. >> these are things that you don't want in people's drinking water. you don't want sloshing around the environment. >> reporter: rob jackson studied the water at hundreds of homes near marcellus fracking wells. >> is your water any different if you're living near a natural gas well? it was a glass half empty glass half full kind of story. we did not find evidence for the chemicals in fracturing fluids, for instance. what we did find a much higher likelihood that you would have gas in your water, the things that are in the natural gas itself. we think the simplest explanation for that is well
tell integrity. >> reporter: in other words, those mile-long pipes can leak. >> depending on where you are five, ten, twenty percent of oil wells have problems with their well integrity through time. >> we're not saying it's a problem every time. but there are a number of cases where there are problems. >> reporter: it's not just people drinking that water. this vet michelle and her husband cornell professor bob oswald studied 24 cases where animals had problems. >> the changes in breeding, abortions, stillbirths, were more common after drilling than before drilling. >> reporter: which brings us back to george stark. his cabot oil and gas company has racked up a number of violations for allowing natural gas to pollute the local water. >> we got this 2010 letter from the pennsylvania department of environmental protection saying, cabot, "you have leaky pipes. shame on you. >> reporter: what was that about? >> that was at a time in 2010
where there was a question of methane migration. what we discovered is that 70% of the water well here have preexisting methane in them already. >> reporter: today pennsylvania gas companies are required to test homeowners' water before and after fracking. >> live and learn. now we test it everywhere. >> reporter: then there's the disposal problem. what do we do with all the poisonous water that comes back up from the fracked well? >> there are still some states where you can spray that water on lands or where it's used for dust control. terrible idea. most of it around the country goes to what are called deacon jeks wells. you take your waste water and pump it back underground very deep. >> reporter: maybe the best solution is the newest one. recycling that nasty water to use in the next well. >> what we're able to do is clarify that water and reuse it again for the next operation. >> reporter: i was really hoping i would be able to tell you once and for all who is right: the gas companies or the worry vie
viesh... worried environmental. but i'm sorry i can't. there's so much we don't know. we don't know exactly what chemicals they're using. >> the problem is there are a number of proprietary compounds that are used. they're not revealed. >> reporter: we don't know how often problems occur. >> a number of these cases have been closed by nondisclosure agreements. the land owner, the farmer, is compensated. in exchange for that compensation it's purchased. >> reporter: is fracking worth the risk? the trouble is we don't know what the risk is. the e.p.a. is only now conducting the first national comprehensive study. it won't be finished until 2014. here's one thing we do know. fracking has been incredibly successful. there are 36,000 fracking wells in this country. thousands more open up every year. the price of natural gas has dropped 86% from its high in 2008. we're actually about to start exporting it. over time, it's a good bet that
fracking will become cleaner and safer, thanks to public pressure and new regulation. and that's lucky because here's another thing we know for sure. fracking isn't going away. okay, here's the pla >> osgood: next, you do the math. check our bags for free, rst we're gonna thanks to our explorer card. then, the united club. my mother was so wrong about you. next, we get priority boarding on our flight i booked with miles. all because of the card. and me. okay, what's the plan? plan? mm-hmm. we're on vacation. there is no plan. really? [ male announcer ] the united mileageplus explorer card. the mileage card with special perks on united. get it and you're in.
>> only 2,000. sgood: and now a page from our sunday morning almanac. december 30, 1695, 317 years ago today. the day the world lost a visionary of mathematics. for that was the day the english inventor sir samuel moreland died at age 70. among other things moreland created a so-called multiplying instrument regarded by some as the very first calculating machine. of course, these devices have multiplied many times over since then, both in number and in size. by the mid 1950s, i.b.m.'s huge main frame computers were the industry standard. >> characteristically they had slow information input and output performance, but their computing power was the marvel
of the 1950s. >> reporter: the '60s gave us the hand-held calculator. and in 1981, i.b.m. introduced its first personal computer. it could fit on a desktop and was chock full of state-of-the-art features. >> a high resolution printer. the option for graphics and the new standard i.b.m. keyboard with both upper and lower case letters. >> osgood: personal computing has come a long way since that upper- and lower-case breakthrough. today portable computers from a multitude of manufacturers are out performing anything sir samuel moreland could have imagined. so for some of us, like jerry seinfeld's television dad, all the extra bells and whistles don't quite add up. >> you can do everything with it. you can get email, fax. there's a calculator. >> so i can use it in the restaurant to figure out the tip. >> yeah, i guess but the really cool thing is the daily planner. >> hell, we can go to the restaurants to figure out the
tips. >> jerry, you're getting your father too excited. >> reporter: not everyone is convinced that the modern computer has rendered human mathematical aptitude obsolete. back in 1976 i posed a challenge to indian math wizard. could she calculate the cube root of a nine-digit number in her head. >> 986 is the answer. reporter: 986. is that right? we asked the computer before. >> i see. reporter: to see what it would be. what the computer gave us as the answer is 986. >> i'm glad the computer is right. >> osgood: in the battle between machine and humankind, score one for us. why do toys for tots and hasbro >> osgood: coming up, taking the plunge. preserve. it locks in power for up to 10 years in storage.
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ask your doctor if lyrica is right to see remarkable and thought-provoking art with real depth to it, just follow mo rocca. >> reporter: cancun. surf. sand. bikinis. bruschis, girls and guys gone wild. sculpture. wait a minute. sculpture? so where are we now? >> in the museum. reporter: yes, cancun has an art scene. it's not so much underground. as it is i discovered underwater.
in spanish it stands for museum of underwater art. that's an erie world of sculptures being shaped by the sea life around it. >> i can go one day and there will be a huge school of fish there. another day i'll go and lobsters will be crawling across the sculptures. it really out there in the elements and changing dramatically. >> reporter: this british sculptor created these ghostly figures that live 25 feet beneath the surface. >> we tend to be oblivious to this underwater world because it's out of our sight most of the time. what an incredible place it is. >> reporter: the project started when two hurricanes devastated the area's coral reeves. as director of cancun's national park, jamie gonzales' mission is to repair the reef. >> a half million people come to this small spot. >> reporter: just touching the
reef's living, breathing organisms inflicts harm. after a hurricane, keeping tourists at a distance is crucial to letting the reeves grow back. >> some of the areas required some closing. >> reporter: but closing off the reeves permanently would devastate the business of roberto diaz who runs aqua world, cancun's largest water tour operator. when he heard about a proposal to shut off access he was not amused. >> you shut down the reeves, i'll sue you. >> reporter: what happened next was an all too rare collaboration between art, business, and government. >> i got a call from the marine park director jamie gonzales and i said well what about if we have an underwater museum. >> do you want to come over and check it out. >> he said he had this 200-sculpture project that would be very interesting for cancun. >> reporter: taylor's vision was to draw park visitors away from the reeves by having them mingle with his underwater crowd.
hundreds of local people posed for him. >> look at that face. he's brilliant. he's actually the first person when i came here. his name is joaquin. he had a pitted face and it came out so well in the card. >> reporter: the process is time consuming and arduous for the artist and the model. >> they come in. we have to get all the hair, slick it all back, put vaseline it and stop it from sticking to the mold. >> reporter: taylor's models have come from all walks of life. there's this nun. >> she was my spanish teacher when i first arrived. she's 85 years old. one of the oldest people i've ever carved. >> reporter: and this victoria's secret model. >> good bone structure. reporter: great bone structure. and this young boy. >> he stood in this position for an hour. all he did was blinked. he didn't move. didn't breathe. he was just amazing. >> reporter: the sculptures are made of an ultrahard concrete that's 20 times stronger than
the normal stuff. >> it's really heavy. after they're installed on the sea floor, the ocean takes over bring life to the art. literally. >> i have a whole little team of helpers underwater that actually do the finishing work. >> reporter: they are more than just statutes of local people. over our underwater lunch taylor showed me sculptures set in water nine feet deep, accessible to snorkelers. >> this is one way of, you know, changing people's attitudes towards the other than and and towards the reeves. >> reporter: has this sculptural museum met your expectations? >> yes, it was increased a lot of our business especially the diving for beginners. >> reporter: success is measured in what's not happening. divers are now spending on average 40% of their time looking at the sculptures. measurably less time in the natural reef. in that sense this is a success.
>> it happened this year. 2012. 12 months full of newsy vents great and small. the year began with the january wreck of the giant cruise ship costa concordia off the coast of italy. >> everybody was screaming out. all the passengers were running up and down. >> reporter: 32 people lost their lives. on an evening last february, 17-year-old trayvon martin was shot and killed in sanford, florida. >> he's been taken away from us. nothing can bring him back. >> osgood: neighborhood watch volunteer george zimmerman was charged with second degree murder.
in march, the census bureau estimated that the world's population had hit the seven billion mark. up one billion from just 13 years ago. april saw the new one world trade center tower overtake the empire state building to become new york's tallest sky scraper. when completed it will be the tallest building in the united states. in may, people around the world were treated to a super moon. a full moon that looked all the larger because it was at its closest point to earth. in june, the supreme court upheld president obama's health care plan in a 5-4 ruling. >> 3:15 and 3:14 for a shooting at century theater. >> reporter: july saw a mass shooting at an aurora colorado movie theater that took 12
lives. the month also saw the opening of the olympic summer games in london. by the time the games were over american athletes led the count with 104 medals. 46 of them gold. in august, the republican convention met in tampa, flori florida. mitt romney and paul ryan were named the g.o.p.'s candidates. and clint eastwood made headlines by talking to an empty chair, representing president obama. september's democratic convention in charlotte north carolina renominated barack obama and joe widen. and in benghazi libya an armed attack killed u.s. ambassador chris stevens and three other americans. four state department officials event ally resigned over the incident.
october was nearly over when super storm sandy hit the mid atlantic coast. the rare late season hurricane killed more than 100 people and left tens of thousands of people homeless. the november election was a victory for president obama and for senate democrats who increased their majority by two seats. republicans kept control of the house of representatives. >> caller is indicating she thinks there is someone shooting in the building. >> osgood: as for december, the shooting at the sandy hook elementary school in newtown, connecticut, that took the lives of 20 children and six adults cast a cloud over what was supposed to be a most joyous season. and at year's end, all eyes are on washington and the fiscal cliff-hanger that remains mired in a political tug of war.
and to move on to a new year. still to come, comedian, actor and musician jamie foxx. and we toast th quicken loans? ♪ at quicken loans, our amazingly useful mortgage calculator app allows you to quickly calculate your mortgage payment based on today's incredibly low interest rates... right from your iphone or android smartphone. one more way quicken loans is engineered to amaze. ♪ is engineered to amaze. is bigger than we think ... sometimelike the flu.fer from with aches, fever and chills- the flu's a really big deal.
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♪ georgia, georgia ♪ the whole day through >> osgood: that is jamie foxx as the singer ray charles in the 2004 movie "ray." he went on to win an oscar for that acting performance. acting is just one of the prolific entertainer's many talents. byron pitts of 60 minutes has our sunday profile. >> but if i see your face, i can identify you. >> not from the morgue you can't. >> did i say. reporter: he's had his own television sitcom. snit his songs have topped the pop charts. and in movies, he's won the biggest prize of all. ♪ baby, let me hold your hand
>> reporter: the best actor oscar for his portrayal of music legend ray charles. >> i make a pretty decent living at it. >> we met each other and we were playing opposite each other. we thought well, i'm looking at that. i remember hitting the wrong note. why the hell did you do that, baby? i don't know. you were just playing so fast. he says, listen, life is notes under your fingers. all you have to do is play the right notes. ♪ my life is lights, camera, action ♪ >> reporter: at 45 jamie foxx is hitting all the right notes. and that music has taken him from leading the church choir in a small texas town to hollywood's pinnacle. his latest venture, the starring role, playing a slave turned bounty hunter. on a quest to find and free his wife.
>> what makes you such an expert? >> i'm curious what makes you so curious. >> reporter: it's a film by quinten tarantino, gruesome, disturbing and funny at the same time. i read where you said that you choose characters that have meat on the bone. what was the meat? >> everything. quint intarantino, we're doing a rehearsal. he goes, can i talk to you for a second? yeah, what's up. don't take this the wrong way but i know knew this was going to happen. you have to be a slave. i said what? as i look in my luis bag, i start to realize what he's saying. he said you have to go back. you have to be this person who is unrefined. who can't read. that was tough for me to let someone call me the n-word and have to take it because that's the way they labeled us. >> reporter: he was born eric marlon in the little town of
texas. adopted grandson of estelle and mark tally, class clown, teacher's pet and star of the high school football team. >> if you're talking about the neighbor or thehood, i have had a neighborhood. talk about killings. everybody was going to church. it was cool. if somebody pulled a gun, they were trying to shoot a squirrel. >> reporter: his hometown is so proud of him now they celebrated jamie foxx day in 2009. >> they put my name on my street which was bradshaw street. they put my name up jamie foxx, with a wing nut. if i mess up, i knew something was going to happen. >> reporter: messing up, he says, was not an option in his grandmother's house. >> she was just hands on. there was no way she was going to let me slip out of control. >> reporter: she said to you once, i still got you just in case you fall. >> yeah, just in case you fall. because i think she did have
some sort of inkling that i would become, you know, who i was. >> reporter: he got a college scholarship to study classical piano in san diego. but two years later on a dare, he tried stand-up comedy. >> am i a funny stand-up comedian? jamie foxx. >> reporter: he took the more female sounding name jamie foxx because he says women got better placement in comedy club lineups. it was a woman of his own creation, wanda, who got him his first big break, a spot on the comedy sketch show "in living color." >> call me. i'll rock your world. >> reporter: soon jamie foxx was famous for his comedy and his wild parties. >> i read where at one of your parties there was a woman who was naked except for her
high-heeled shoes and her pager. what is all that? >> i will say youth. reporter: that's the old jamie foxx. >> somewhat. here was the thing. i remember viewing hollywood from where i sat in texas or in san diego as, "i can't wait to go there and have fun." ♪ i have a dream that one day every valley shall be explored ♪ >> reporter: some of those party-boy and ticks did not sit well in mini-circles from civil rights organizations like the naacp, the famed comedian bill cosby. he was critical of you, yes? >> he was. daddy is supposed to tell you. the thing is you did booty call. the question is why are you calling the booty? that's the whole thing. you don't do that type of, you know. >> reporter: did you agree with the criticism? >> yeah. i mean, yeah. booty call wasn't exactly, you know, oscar words. i was trying to stay in the
game. >> reporter: staying in the game and upping his game meant going for bigger roles with big-name directors like oliver stone in "any given sunday." >> the plays, i call. are you with me, son? >> yeah, i'm with you. reporter: he looks at you and says you're terrible because he said i was too much about that shininess so i had to learn. in al iecht, it was actor will smith who convinced director michael mann to hire jamie foxx. >> float like a butterfly, sting like a bee. >> this is michael, man. read it. >> reporter: i'm quoting you. i play a slave, and i would like... man, are we dating here or what? >> now whoever i work with, i have that discipline.
>> reporter: that discipline paid off. in 2005 jamie foxx became the first african-american man in history, nominated for oscars in two different roles in the same year. >> i can't do this. i can't. >> reporter: best supporting actor and as best actor in "ray." at first the party boy didn't understand how important that was. >> i get a call from a lady whom i know. "hi, jamie, this is oprah." she said, "i want you to understand that you can really win this. i want you to come to a person's house so you can understand the significance of what you're doing." then she said, "do you want to be the person we're honoring tonight?" i said sure he's right over there. and i was sidney poitier. "i want to tell you when i saw your performance, i grew two inches." so i'm in tears.
he said, "but what i will give you is responsibility. responsibility for your art." i was like wow. at that moment everything changed. >> and the oscar goes to jamie foxx and "ray." >> reporter: i love what you said at the end of your speech. talking about your grandmother. >> she's not here tonight. this is going to be the toughest part. >> reporter: his grandmother had died just months before his proudest moment. you said, "she still talks to me, only now she talks to me in my dreams." >> "and i can't wait to go to sleep tonight because we've got a lot to talk about." ♪ i owe you everything >> reporter: for all of his successes, it is music that jamie foxx loves best. and his grandmother who inspires him still. ♪ and when the angels come...
>> osgood: the latin for "out of bad comes good." steve hartman has a case in point. >> spread out. reporter: for a little boy's birthday party, it was a huge crowd. >> wow, a lot of people here. reporter: the boy's dad tom lamm and step-mom nicole invited all of northeast michigan to launch these chinese lanterns to celebrate what would have been their son's ninth birthday.
>> i miss him so much. t's so hard. i just want him back. >> i know. reporter: much of what so many people loved about jadenlamm can be seen in this home video. although he had a rare form of cancer that attacked his central nervous system here he is busting a christmas move right after akeem owe treatment. the kid that kind of spirit. but it was his final words, all his own, that will forever stick with his father. >> he looked at me right in the eye and he said, "i'm never going to get married, daddy." my heart sunk when he said that. i was like why would you say that, buddy? he said god needs me more. >> reporter: god needs me more. his last full sentence. but the beginning of something truly remarkable. a couple days after jaden died tom and nicole were in line to get some coffee when they
decided, spur of the moment, to pay for the customer behind them in the drive-through. it was supposed to be just a little symbolic thank you to the community for being so supportive. >> we didn't think we were starting a chain reaction. that's for sure. >> reporter: but after posting it on facebook that's exactly what happened. >> really shocked. i said in memory of jaden lamb and then merry christmas. >> reporter: jennifer campbell got her entire lay-away paid off. and an anonymous donor put in a diamond ring with a note that read, paying it forward, jaden style. and those are just a few examples of what has become a phenomenon in and around michigan. restaurant managers say they'll sometimes go 15 minutes without anyone paying for their own meal. >> it's an everyday all day kind of thing. >> reporter: when did you start to realize what was happening? >> i think when we went to lunch and we got our bill.
it said, "paid for in honor of jayden lamb." >> reporter: full circle and now circling the globe through facebook tom and nicole are getting word of kind deeds being done across the country and around the world all in honor of jayden lamm, the boy who told his dad god needed him more. >> i wonder that myself. like is this what god needed him more for? the message of hope for humanity. >> reporter: this holiday season people have been asking themselves, how do you celebrate a holiday when so much has been taken? well, here are the answers. it is simple. just give. >> osgood: coming up, the shot tasted round the world. ,,,,,,,,,,,,
>> osgood: we all know it comes from scottland, but to true scotch drinkers where in scottland makes all the difference. we go on a tasting tour. >> reporter: at the outer most edge of scottland's wild atlantic coast line lies a small island with a big reputation. the isle of islay is called the queen of the, but the sleepy harbors, flowery meadows and ancient villages today play host to an increasingly global industry. while jamaica is liked for its rum, and madeira known for its sherry, this island is loved and famous for its unique tasting scotch whiskeys known as islay
malts. >> it's nice to see the whiskeys doing so well. >> reporter: islay has just over 3,000 year-round residents, but in their midst nine whiskey distilleries are thriving. >> we have to make sure it's obviously the right quality when it comes. >> reporter: the manager at one of the older ones. >> we then pass it through two sets of rolls. this old mill dates back to 1921. >> reporter: it looks pretty old. while some of his equipment may have seen a few updates over the year, he says the distillation process for an islay malt has hardly changed a drop. >> reporter: the yeast and water are mixed with the barrely. and then fermted for a couple of days in enormous kasks known as
mashtons. before it is distilled in giant copper stills and finally aged in wooden barrels. ultimately it's the malted barrely they use here that really separated the wheat from the chaff. >> reporter: what's peat? well, it's this. a boggy kind of soil that is traditionally dried and burned as a fuel in scottland's western isles. islay has peta in abundance and peat smoke flavors the barrely creating its unique taste. they've been making whiskey like this for centuries on islay which seems quite fitting since it's a truly ancient place where for much of the year the sheep outnumber the people. but every summer the islay
festival attracts whiskey devotees from around the world. >> mys< summer camp for adults. >> reporter: john forkay is a scotch lover from the american midwest and he's been dranking islay malt for years. >> this is my 12th festival. i absolutely love meeting the people. it's wonderful to talk about new whisk keys that are out on the market or what the distillery is offering and giving people's impressions. the connection is what i really like. >> reporter: and that connection is a marketer's dream. with thousands of fans attending tastings and classes at the various distilleries. >> it's just like an unbelievable experience that i'll take back with me. >> we're hoping to get you into the some of the stuff. >> reporter: con campbell knows all about creating these kinds of branding experiences. he's the master distiller at islay's most famous export.
>> it gives us a salty influence. >> reporter: after given a handful of guided tours to connoisseurs he offered me a few wee drams of my own. >> this is the fastest-growing brand. >> reporter: why do you think whiskey is becoming so popular around the world? >> the flavor. the real thing about whiskey is every time you go to one you find a new flavor. >> reporter: even more robust than the flavor of this whiskey, the sales figures. last year the united states imported more than a billion dollars of the stuff. but fans of the festival might argue that once they're back home it's never quite as much fun to drink it. >> osgood: still to come, a story in pink and blue. ♪ and i love you >> osgood: but next hail and
farewell. for months, i had this deep pain all over my body. it just wouldn't go away. my doctor diagnosed it as fibromyalgia, thought to be the result of overactive nerves that cause chronic widespread pain. lyrica is believed to calm these nerves. i learned lyrica can provide significant relief from fibromyalgia pain. and for some people, it can work in as early as the first week of treatment. so now i can plan my days and accomplish more. lyrica is not for everyone. lyrica may cause serious allergic reactions or suicidal thoughts or actions.
tell your doctor right away if you have these, new or worsening depression, or unusual changes in mood or behavior, or any swelling or affected breathing or skin, or changes in eyesight, including blurry vision or muscle pain with fever or tired feeling. common side effects are dizziness, sleepiness, weight gain, and swelling of hands, legs and feet. don't drink alcohol while taking lyrica. don't drive or use machinery until you know how lyrica affects you. with less pain, i'm feeling better now that i've found lyrica. ask your doctor if lyrica is right for your fibromyalgia pain. >> it's sunday morning on cbs and here again is charles osgood. >> osgood: the time has come once again to say hail and farewell to some of the people we lost in the year 2012. it's hard to imagine ringing in the new year without them. they touched us and changed us in many different ways. >> this one is called rock around the clock.
bill haley. >> ladies and gentlemen, here's chubby checker. fleetwood, the everly brothers. >> osgood: for those of us who got our first taste of rock'n'roll from you, dick clark, it seemed as if you would never grow old. and when we count it down tomorrow night, we'll be thinking of you. >> happy new year. osgood: rock on, dick clark. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. osgood: and play on, dave brubek. you topped the charts with take five. still even in those complex rhythms never lost count of that most essential beat. >> maybe the thing that binds humanity together is the heartbeat because you know it's the first thing you hear even before you... you're born you hear your mother's heartbeat.
the steady pulse. >> osgood: bravo, dave brubek, bravo. ♪ 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4 >> osgood: still on the subject of counting, we say farewell to jerry nelson, the man behind the muppets count von count. ♪ the song of the count >> climax of the women's swimming events, 400-meter freestyle. >> osgood: we don't have the time to tally up all of ann curtis' victories. she was one of america's all-time great swimmers. >> announcer: ann curtis leads the field with that long easy stroke of hers. >> osgood: her olympic hopes were put on hold by world war ii. when her chance finally came in 1948 she rocketed her way to two gold medals. >> announcer: 4, 3, 2, 1. all engines running. lift-off on apollo 11.
>> osgood: from countdown to touchdown to splashdown we followed every moment of your journey, neal armstrong. >> the eagle has landed. oh, boy. we're going to be busy for a minute. >> osgood: our collective sigh of relief echos to this day. and so does our awe. the sight of you walking on the moon. >> that's one small step for man. one giant step for mankind. >> osgood: understated to the end, you downplayed that part of the trip, reminding us pilots take no particular joy in walking. pilots like flying. god speed neal armstrong. ♪ moon river ♪ wider than a mile
♪ i'm crossing you in style ♪ some day >> osgood: andy williams used to say that he never tired of singing the ball add that brought him such fame. to croon about the moon, to make the ladies swoon, you have to admit it wasn't a bad way to make a living. ♪ two drifters off to see the world ♪ >> osgood: it's been years since the rev. sun moon was in the spotlight presiding over the mass weddings of his followers, the moonees he used to call them. farewell. now you probably never heard of chemist sherwood roland, but he worked a minor miracle here on earth. his research led to a phase out of c.f.c.s, chemicals that destroy the ozone layer for literally saving our skins.
we thank you, sherwood roland. and we say good-bye to three men who served our country both in war and in peace. senators daniel inouye and george mcgovern. and general h. norman schwarzkopf. thank you, sirs. ♪ hallelujah >> osgood: there's no way we can adequately express our appreciation to the families of the more than 300 servicemen and women who gave their lives in the line of duty this year. and then there were the lives cut short here at home. scores were killed in mass shootings from aurora colorado to oak creek wisconsin to newtown connecticut.
>> osgood: that goes for us, too, whitney. farewell. >> he was doing what with you? when you bought... you demanded special treatment. it's almost an embarrassment, sir, to hear this from you. >> osgood: for more than 40 years, we tuned in to "60 minutes" to watch mike wallace ask questions that spoke volumes. >> president sadat of egypt says that what you are doing now is, quote, a disgrace to islam. he calls you, imam -- forgive me, his words not mine -- a lunatic. >> osgood: there's an old joke that goes the most feared words in the english language are mike wallace is here. >> come on out. you don't want to talk to me?
>> osgood: we of course wish you were still here. ♪ i pulled into nazareth just about half past 8:00 ♪ >> osgood: and we'll miss you too, levon helm. you made the most of your time on earth. your performance in the film the last waltz turned out to be anything but a swan song. ♪ take a load off >> osgood: elizabeth catlit devoted her life to overturning a history of pain and discrimination against african-americans using art to open minds. >> i believe that the young people or the indian people across the country need someone, a contemporary indian, an indian of these times to identify with. >> osgood: back in 1973, russell means confronted the injustices done to his people.
by leading armed protests across south dakota. a landmark moment for the american indian movement. >> monticello is the picture on our cover this week. >> osgood: when we launched sunday morning in 19679, richard threlkeld delivered our cover story. week in and week out. >> progress is not inevitable and the melting pot doesn't always melt very well. >> reporter: richard reported the facts, yes, but what a way he had with words. what a way leroy niemann had with a brush, an artist as colorful as his canvases. he painted the good life and the sporting life. (phone ringing). >> madison manor, oscar the beautiful speaking. >> osgood: in the odd couple jack includingman was everybody's image of a slofnly sports writer. his oscar was a lovable grouch. >> the legendary hector macho
comacho. >> reporter: if ever a fighter was deserving of his nickname it was hector macho. he was famous for his speed and his style. alex carrus showed both speed and style as tackle for the detroit lions. and he was a knockout in blazing saddles. >> hey, you can't park that animal over there. it's illegal. >> osgood: because of his looks, ernest borgnine was typecast as a heavy. but as marty, borgnine proved there was more to him -- and perhaps more to all of us -- than meets the eye. >> it doesn't matter if you look like a gorilla. you see dogs like us we ain't such dogs as we think we are. >> i'm vidal is a soon. if you don't look good, we don't look good. >> osgood: individualal sasoon did his best to make everyone
look their best. he went from sweeping up hair to overseeing an empire of salons. >> back to the beauty shop where she's just had her head tarred and feathered here is miss phyllis diller. >> osgood: phyllis diller used her looks to a different effect. >> most people consider a broken mirror bad luck. for me it's great. >> osgood: she set the stage for funny ladies to come. >> i've been declared a fire hazard my hair is so dry. they named a television show after my skin, raw hide. >> osgood: phyllis diller was in a word: wild. >> nights and days and in and out of weeks that almost every year to where the wild things are are. >> osgood: the heroes of author illustrator maurice sendak books often behaved in real beast leeways just like real little
boys. ♪ you have to fight for your rights ♪ >> osgood: okay now. time to shift tempo a bit. beastie boy adam left us this year. he left behind a few cracks to keep us on our toes. ♪ anybody knocking ♪ let me get some action from the back section ♪ >> osgood: davey jones is gone too. the mop topped monkey had all the right moves. so did richard dawson. let's not for get sherman helmseley's fancy foot work. and who could keep up with moves like these? >> hello and welcome aboard. you're of course invited to come in and kick it with us. >> osgood: don cornelius presided over a weekly dance party dedicated as you put it to peace, love and soul.
although donna summer learned to sing in church, she rose to fame as the queen of disco with a sound more in tune to saturday night than sunday morning. ♪ looking for some hot stuff, baby, this evening ♪ ♪ i need some hot stuff, baby, tonight ♪ >> osgood: long before there was sex in the city, helen gurley brown and sex and the single girl revealing that even good girls enjoyed being bad. >> mmmm. that sounds just yummy. >> osgood: she then took the reins at cosmopolitan finding success with covers, promising success under the covers. >> men and women can't be friends. the sex part always gets in the way. >> reporter: author screen writer and director norah ephron found success outlining how sex with ruin relationships and vice verse a. >> you're saying that a man can
be a woman with a woman he finds unattractive. snairlings sex, money, power, that's the sort of stuff j.r.ewing knew best. >> what is that show without j.r.? >> that's what i figure. osgood: there was never a more charming scoundrel than j.r. thanks to you, larry hagman, hats off to the man in the hat. ♪ nobody does it better ♪ nobody does it half as good as you ♪ >> osgood: and a tip of the hat to you, marvin, composer of broadway and hollywood hits beyond compare. ♪ i wasn't looking >> osgood: we also salute two incomparable men of medicine, joseph murray and e. donald thomas. they share the nobel prize for their pioneering work in organ and bone mayor owe transplants. although both died this year, countless others live on thanks to them.
>> what's the use of having all the stars of the universe if no one can see them? that's our job. >> osgood: and we give thanks to ray bradbury. his writings provide a sort of moral come pass for a world in which science fiction is rapidly becoming science fact. >> we were put here to to touch, to smell, to taste, to see and to hear the universe. that's a great role. that's a great responsibility. >> osgood: it took more than just rocket fuel to propel sally ride into orbit. as america's first woman in space, she was a role model for those who dream of shooting for the stars. earl scruggs, he aimed high. his picking elevated the five-string bang owe from second fiddle status to star of the
show. ♪ (andy griffith theme). >> reporter: no doubt you remember this tune. andy griffiths' may bury recalled our own hometowns as we remember them or wish they could have been. >> if you ever come by this way again, be sure and stop by. i hope you have more time though. we don't like to see folks hurrying through like this. >> osgood: he was something of a friend, one we'll remember for a long time to come. so long, andy. ♪ at last ♪ my love has come >> osgood: we leave it to you, the great etta james to close out our tribute to those who left us in 2012.
it's not for colds. it's not for pain. it's just for sleep. because sleep is a beautiful thing™. ♪ zzzquil™. the non-habit forming sleep-aid from the makers of nyquil®. who will be the very first new year's day baby, maybe a boy or will it be a girl and what it matter what color he or she wears? that last question is one for the fast draw's josh landis and mitch butler. >> is it a pink bundle of joy a girl or a boy. >> there was a time when a red blooded american boy would have
been dressed in pink. be careful what you think you know about what makes boys and girls look like boys and girls or what toys they like to play with. look at the catalogue from this year. this guy has a dream house. page 43 a slingshot for a girl. for the army boy wanting a career change, a hair-dressing set. that's not some obscure toy store. it's one of the largest in europe and part of the toys are us empire. you wouldn't see that kind of gender-bending mass marketing in america, right? the author of pink and blue. she says the only reason we think of boys in bluees and girls in pink is because of mass marketing. in the 1920s a common custom babies with brown eyes wore pink. baby with blue eyes wore blue. their gender didn't matter. parents didn't focus on it like they do today. we talk about mask lint and femininity. they didn't believe babies had that. they believed there was something that emerged. >> parents dressed boys and girls the same in their younger years and it didn't seem to harm
the kids. >> this little boy's mother put him in something that looks like a dress. he grew up to be our 32nd president franklin d. roosevelt. >> but manufacturers began too realize if they can agree on how to separate clothing and toys by gender they could sell more to everyone. pink and blue could have gone the other way. there was a good bit of pink on men in the 1980s and today even things as mundane as school supplies. >> does anybody have a pen. they are color coded for boys and girls. >> pinks. she says this might make marketers and parents' lives easier but it doesn't do much for kids. it's part of a larger picture of pushing kids to grow up faster and do things earlier, i think. >> in the end, does this baby even care what color she's wearing? or he. and always very curious. one day george got an important letter. he's built a rocket ship to travel into space."
google, how far is earth to the moon? the moon is 238,900 miles... "the great moment had come." 3, 2, 1... [ giggling ] to the best vacation sp(all) the gulf! it doesn't matter which of our great states folks visit. mississippi, alabama, louisiana or florida, they're gonna love it. shaul, your alabama hospitality is incredible. thanks, karen. love your mississippi outdoors. i vote for your florida beaches, dawn. bill, this louisiana seafood is delicious. we're having such a great year on the gulf, we've decided to put aside our rivalry. now is the perfect time to visit anyone of our states. the beaches and waters couldn't be more beautiful. take a boat ride, go fishing or just lay in the sun. we've got coastline to explore and wildlife to photograph. and there's world class dining with our world famous seafood.
so for a great vacation this year, come to the gulf. its all fabulous but i give florida the edge. right after mississippi. you mean alabama. say louisiana or there's no dessert. this invitation is brought to you by bp and all of us who call the gulf home. advil pm® or tylenol pm. the advil pm® guy is spending less time lying awake with annoying aches and pains and more time asleep. advil pm®. the difference is a better night's sleep.
>> osgood: here's a look at the week ahead on our sunday morning calendar. on monday printed copies of "newsweek" magazine become a thing of the past. tuesday is new year's day. and the 150th anniversary of abraham lincoln signing the emancipation proclamation. on wednesday james holmes, the 24-year-old accused of the shooting deaths of 12 people in aurora colorado movie theater, goes to court. thursday in connecticut, sandy hook elementary school students return to classes. and on friday congress meets in joint session to confirm barack obama as the official winner of the presidential election. and still on the subject of washington, here's norah o'donnell who will be filling in for bob scheiffer this morning on "face the nation." good morning, norah. >> will there be massive tax increases and steep spending cuts in 2013? we'll talk about the fiscal
cliff to senator dick durbin and senator tom coburn on face the nation. >> osgood: next week here on sunday morning, a conversation with general stanley mcchrystal. and we catch up with actress laura durn. my doctor diagnosed it as fibromyalgia, thought to be the result of overactive nerves that cause chronic widespread pain. lyrica is believed to calm these nerves. i learned lyrica can provide significant relief from fibromyalgia pain. and for some people, it can work in as early as the first week of treatment. so now i can do more of the things that i enjoy. lyrica is not for everyone. lyrica may cause serious allergic reactions or suicidal thoughts or actions. tell your doctor right away if you have these, new or worsening depression, or unusual changes in mood or behavior, or any swelling or affected breathing or skin, or changes in eyesight, including blurry vision or muscle pain with fever or tired feeling. common side effects are dizziness, sleepiness, weight gain, and swelling of hands, legs and feet.
don't drink alcohol while taking lyrica. don't drive or use machinery until you know how lyrica affects you. with less pain, i'm feeling better now that i've found lyrica. ask your doctor if lyrica is right for your fibromyalgia pain. >> sunday morning's moment of nature is sponsored by... >> osgood: we leave you this last sunday of 2012 on the snowy banks of the poudre river in colorado.
i'm charles osgood. we wish you and yours a safe and happy new year and hope that you'll join us again next sunday morning. until then, i'll see you on the radio. you know it can be hard to breathe, and how that feels. copd includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. spiriva helps control my copd symptoms by keeping my airways open for 24 hours. plus, it reduces copd flare-ups. spiriva is the only once-daily inhaled copd maintenance treatment that does both.
spiriva handihaler tiotropium bromide inhalation powder does not replace fast-acting inhalers for sudden symptoms. tell your doctor if you have kidney problems, glaucoma, trouble urinating, or an enlarged prostate. these may worsen with spiriva. discuss all medicines you take, even eye drops. stop taking spiriva and seek immediate medical help if your breathing suddenly worsens, your throat or tongue swells, you get hives, vision changes or eye pain, or problems passing urine. other side effects include dry mouth and constipation. nothing can reverse copd. spiriva helps me breathe better. (blowing sound) ask your doctor about spiriva. captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, where quality products for the american family have been a tradition for generations captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org ,,,,,,,,
more arrests in the murder a late night tragedy. an apartment fire takes the lives of three people. >> more arrests in the murder of a wealthy venture capitalist. questions remain unanswered. >> on capitol hill lawmakers have less than 2 days to resolve the fiscal cliff. is this any sign they can pull it off in time. it's 7:30, sunday, december 30th, the last sunday of the year. >> it's the biggest surprise, can you imagine 2012 gone. >> phil is off for the rest of the year. there's a lot to chat about, including the fact that we're hitting all the year end stories. >> yes, we're going to take